Statistics Dictionary

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Column Vector

Vectors are a type of matrix having only one column or one row. A vector having only one column is called a column vector, and a vector having only one row is called a row vector. For example, matrix a is a column vector, and matrix a' is a row vector.

a =    
11
12
33
 
a' =    
11 22 33

We use lower-case, boldface letters to represent column vectors. And since the transpose of a column vector is a row vector, we use lower-case, boldface letters plus a prime to represent row vectors. Thus, vector b would be a column vector, and vector b' would be a row vector.

See also:  Matrix Types