Statistics Dictionary

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Cluster Sampling

Cluster sampling refers to a type of sampling method . With cluster sampling, the researcher divides the population into separate groups, called clusters. Then, a simple random sample of clusters is selected from the population. The researcher conducts his analysis on data from the sampled clusters.

Compared to simple random sampling and stratified sampling , cluster sampling has advantages and disadvantages. For example, given equal sample sizes, cluster sampling usually provides less precision than either simple random sampling or stratified sampling. On the other hand, if travel costs between clusters are high, cluster sampling may be more cost-effective than the other methods.

See also:   Tutorial: Cluster Sampling | Analysis of Cluster Samples | How to Choose the Best Sampling Method | Survey Sampling Methods